The Thai Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences


Introduction: Complimentary medicines have been long investigated as new and alternative therapeutic options for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus because the current drugs are associated with adverse drug reactions. The antidiabetic potential of the Zanthoxylum genus has been demonstrated previously. However, Zanthoxylum limonella (Dennst.) (ZL) has not been evaluated in any clinical trials. Objectives: This study aimed to examine the inhibition of α-glucosidases in vitro and in vivo using ZL fruit extracts, thereby determining the reduction in blood glucose levels using oral glucose and sucrose tolerance tests. Results and Discussion: The water extract of ZL fruits showed the greatest inhibition of α-glucosidases (IC50, 1.04 ± 0.08 mg/ml) than other extracts, particularly the dichloromethane extract and volatile oil. An acute toxicity test showed that the 50% lethal dose (LD50) of the water extract was <5000 mg/kg BW. Regarding oral glucose tolerance test and oral sucrose tolerance test, a single oral dose of ZL water extract (500 mg/kg BW) did not significantly reduce blood glucose compared to the control. Conclusion: In conclusion, the water extract of ZL fruits showed an inhibitory effect on α-glucosidase activity in vitro. However, it did not decrease blood glucose in mice. Further investigations should be performed to identify the active constituents of ZL fruit extracts.



First Page


Last Page


Included in

Pharmacology Commons