Chulalongkorn Medical Journal


Background: Pharmacy personnel in hospitals are exposed to workplace hazards, especially biomechanical hazards which potentially cause musculoskeletal discomfort (MSD). Understanding of MSD can help prevent and control the problem. Objective: To study the prevalence and related factors of MSD among pharmacy personnel of King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital (KCMH). Methods: This study was a cross-sectional descriptive study with a sample size of 197 pharmacy personnel of KCMH. The participants were asked to fill in a self-reported questionnaire comprising of individual and occupational factors and MSD assessed by the modified Nordic questionnaire. Results: The pharmacy personnel have high prevalence of MSD. The 7-day and 12-month overall prevalence were 83.8% and 93.4%, respectively. The highest affected body site of MSD was the neck, followed by shoulders.The body part of highest prevalence of MSD was the trunk axis. Exercise was significant associated factor with 7- day overall MSD, and there were no statistically significant associated factors to 12 - month overall MSD. Conclusion: The MSD was common among pharmacy personnel at KCMH and thus medical surveillance of MSD should be done. Health promotion including exercise was recommended to prevent MSD among these personnel.



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