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Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Abstract

Background : Osteoporosis is a preventable condition among the elderly population, butinadequate information is related to people’s perceived susceptibility andseverity of the disease by the people, this can promote preventive behavioramong the Thai population. This study aimed to investigate perceivedsusceptibility, perceived severity, and preventive behavior of high-risk personsregarding osteoporosis in North-Eastern Thailand.Methods : A cross-sectional survey involved five hundred and thirty-two participantswho completed a questionnaire using a rating scale. The relationshipsbetween variables were statistically analyzed including frequencies,percentages, standard deviations, One-way ANOVA, Pearson’s productmoment correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression analysis.Results : The results showed that most participants were female (62.2%); 90% werefinancially comfortable; 87.9% had a low level of education; and 64.5% hadno history of underlying diseases. The participants had a low of levelperceived susceptibility, but high level in perceived severity, and intermediatelevel in preventive behavior to osteoporosis. Noticeably, income, receivedinformation, perceived susceptibility, and perceived severity factors weresignificantly related to preventive behavior in relation to osteoporosis(p = .001).Conclusion : It can be concluded that the four variables: income, received information,perceived susceptibility, and perceived severity; they played important rolesin the promotion of preventive behavior of the participants in North-EasternThailand in relation to osteoporosis.

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