Chulalongkorn Medical Journal


K. Kongsomboon


Background : It has been reported that Thai people have high prevalence ofdepression in workplace. Its impact is highest on individual-leveleffect of work performance. Employers who identify the risk factorsand promote effective treatment may improve both the clinical andcorporate outcomes.Objective : To determine risk factors of personnel’s depression of the Facultyof Medicine of Srinakharinwirot University, consisted of career group,gender, age group, marital status, underlying disease, BMI, worktime, work duration, sleep duration, excessive daytime sleepiness,job pattern, and stress level.Design : Cross-sectional studyMaterial and Method : Staff and officers of the Faculty of Medicine, SrinakharinwirotUniversity were recruited by sampling. The sample size was 740or 65% of the entire faculty. The questionnaires were composed ofgeneral demographic data and self-report problems in workplace,the diagnostic screening test for depression in Thai populationfrom the Ministry of Public Health, Suanprung Stress Test fromSuanprung Hospital in Thailand, and Epworth sleepiness scale.The data were collected from May to July, 2009. Categoricalvariables were analyzed using the Chi-square test. The authoridentified significant explanatory variables through bivariate analysisbetween depression and other factors then multivariate analysisby logistic regressions. A two-tailed p-value of less than 0.05 wasconsidered significantly.Results : The prevalence of depression was 18.7%. The logistic regressiondemonstrates the odds ratio of married status = 1.92(95%CI =1.17-3.15) to single status: nurses = 1.86(95%CI = 1.12-3.10) todoctors: high to severe stress = 22.5(95%CI = 5.39-93.99) to lowto moderate stress, and work above 3 years = 0.57(95%CI =0.34-0.95) to work within 3 years.Conclusion : The depression in the workplace is related to career, maritalstatus, high to severe stress, and work duration within the first3 years. The employer should improve welfare adequate tothe employee’s need and make the informational support networkfor their personnel in order to allow them to gain maturity in theircareer path which includes the care of their family life.


Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University

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