Chulalongkorn Medical Journal


Background : Annual health check-up is an important process to evaluatehealth status and identify health risk behaviors i.e. cigarettesmoking, sleep deprivation, alcoholic drinking, inadequateexercise, eating unhealthy foods, and unsafe driving.Objective : To determine the effect of gender, age group, and health-riskbehaviors on health problems.Design : Cross-sectional analytic studyMaterials and Methods : Data were collected from 412 persons who went to Her RoyalHighness (HRH) Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn MedicalCenter for their routine health check-up from November, 2007 toDecember, 2008. The authors used logistic regression and simplelinear regression for multivariate analysis with two-tailed p-valueof less than 0.05.Results : Men had smoking, eating unhealthy diet and alcohol drinkingmore than women. Smoking and abdominal obesity increasedaccording to age group. Eating unhealthy diet increasedcreatinine. Alcohol drinking increased triglyceride and Highdensity lipoprotein (HDL). Adequate exercise increased HDL.Abdominal obesity related to hypertension with odds ratio of8.65. Men had more obesity and high fasting blood sugar thanwomen with odds ratio of 3.34 and 2.73, respectively.Conclusion : Men had health-risk behaviors and had health problems morethan women. Health risk behaviors changed in blood chemistrywhich could predict risks to cardiovascular disease, diabetesmellitus, dyslipidemia, liver disease, or kidney disease. Healthcareproviders should encourage people to have regular annualhealth check-up, especially the older age group.


Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University

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