The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine


It was reported in the authors’ previous study that the glucosamine (GlcN) content of Asian elephantmilk (516 mg GlcN/100 g milk) was markedly higher than that of cow, mare and human breast milk. Based on these findings, the GlcN levels of milk from other mammals, especially herbivores, were analyzed using the identical high performance ion exchange liquid chromatography as was employed in the previous study. The following mg GlcN/(100 g milk) values were obtained for milk hydrolysates from various mammals: Jersey cow 12; water buffalo 6; goat 10; hippopotamus 19; dog 24; bear 97; giant panda 72; seal 114; and dolphin 94. Additionally, mg GlcN/(g total amino acids), and mg GlcN/100 kcal were calculated. The milk from herbivores contained much lower levels of GlcN than elephant milk. Bear and marine mammals’ milk exhibited moderate GlcN levels, probably because of their low moisture content. Giant panda milk displayed slightly increased GlcN levels and the highest value of mg GlcN/(g total amino acids), and mg GlcN/100 kcal. Free GlcN was not detected in any of the milk samples. The large interspecies differences in milk GlcN concentrationsmay be related to their ways of life and have important implications for human and animal health, especially in bone development and gut microbiota.

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