Degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD) is the most common acquired cardiac disease in geriatric dogs leading to impaired cardiac autonomic activity and functions. This study aimed to evaluate the heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) and heart rate variability (HRV) of dogs with DMVD stage B2 in response to long-term treatment with ivabradine, orally. Four beagles with naturally occurring DMVD stage B2 were instrumented with a 24-h Holter recorder to obtain electrocardiography and HRV, an oscillometric device to acquire blood pressure (BP), HR and myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) as assessed by rate-pressure product (RPP = HR x Systolic BP). Dogs were given ivabradine (1.0 mg/kg, twice daily, orally) for 3 months. Data were obtained at baseline and every 4 weeks for 12 weeks (M1 = 4 weeks, M2 = 8 weeks, and M3 = 12 weeks) after oral administration of ivabradine. The results revealed that chronic administration of ivabradine significantly decreased HR, BP, and RPP without adverse effects (P < 0.05). All indices of time- and frequency- domain of HRV at M3 were significantly increased when compared with baseline values (P < 0.05). The findings of this study imply that long-term treatment with ivabradine at a dose of 1.0 mg/kg twice daily in dogs with asymptomatic DMVD stage B2 decreased the HR, BP, MVO2 and improves HRV. This makes ivabradine potentially promising for management of elevated HR and impaired HRV in asymptomatic dogs with DMVD stage B2.
Pirintr, Prapawadee; Saengklub, Nakkawee; Limprasutr, Vudhiporn; and Kijtawornrat, Anusak
"Long-term effects of repeated oral dose of ivabradine on heart rate variability in dogs with asymptomatic degenerative mitral valve disease,"
The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine: Vol. 48:
3, Article 12.
Available at: https://digital.car.chula.ac.th/tjvm/vol48/iss3/12