The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine


The purpose of this study was to report the incidence of articular cartilage injury of the stifle joint in 323 dogs found during surgery at orthopedic clinics in Chiang Mai, Thailand, from October 2006 to July 2012. A total of 44 dogs (13.6%) had cartilage lesions. Surgical operations in this study included the corrections of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture (14.2%), distal femur fracture (15.2%), and patellar luxation (66.6%), and the removal of the IM pin from the tibia (4%). Cartilage injury was found in 1 of the 49 dogs with ACL rupture (2.17%, OR= 0.124); 3 of the dogs with distal femur fracture (6.12%, OR= 0.371); 28 of the 215 dogs with patellar luxation (13.02%, OR= 0.861); and 12 dogs of the 13 dogs with tibial IM pin to be removed (92.31%, OR= 104.250). In conclusion, high respective incidence of articular injury was found in the removal of IM pin from the tibia, patellar luxation, femoral fracture, and anterior cruciate ligament rupture surgical operations, respectively.



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