Although neosporosis has long been detected in several wildlife species from different parts of the world,until now there has been no report of Neospora caninum infection in elephants in any country of the world. Serumsamples of 115 captive elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) from the westernmost province of Kanchanaburi, Thailandwere investigated for antibodies to N. caninum and Toxoplasma gondii. Antibodies of N. caninum were detected by thecompetitive ELISA (cELISA) test and T.gondii by the Latex agglutination (LAT) test. The prevalence of T. gondiiantibodies was 13.04% (15/115), while anti-N. caninum was 33.04% (38/115). Only 7/115 (6.09%) were positive forboth parasites. Our study showed a higher seroprevalence for N. caninum in elephants than the prevalence ofN. caninum-infection in dairy cattle in Thailand from prior studies.
Wiengcharoen, Jitbanjong; Nokkaew, Weerapan; Prasithpon, Samart; Prasomtong, Pornsak; and Sukthana, Yaowalark
"Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii Antibodies in Captive Elephants (Elephaus maximus indicus) in Kanchanaburi Province,"
The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine: Vol. 42:
2, Article 16.
Available at: https://digital.car.chula.ac.th/tjvm/vol42/iss2/16