Some observations before, during and after parturition reported in 20 swamp buffalo cows (Bubalis bubalis) all together. Preparturient changes concerning labia, pelvis and udder were described. The rectal temperature in one COW was recorded every morning and evening for 11 days before parturition. During parturition the appearance and the rupture of the fetal membranes were observed. The expulsion of the calf took 28 min. in average. The placenta was expelled 3 hours and 34 min. after the expulsion of the fetus.
Mathias, E.; Harbers, F.; and Virakul, P.
"Preliminary Results of a Study of Parturition in Swamp Buffaloes (รายงานเบื้องต้นเรื่องการศึกษาการคลอดในควายปลักไทย),"
The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine: Vol. 10:
3, Article 3.
Available at: https://digital.car.chula.ac.th/tjvm/vol10/iss3/3