Journal of Metals, Materials and Minerals

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In continuous casting process, defects of the steel billet (e.g. crack, pinhole, blowhole, central shrinkage, slag entrapment and appearance deviation, etc.) negatively affect the quality and the yield of rolled products. This research has been carried out to investigate some defects which often occurred in Vietnamese steel plants. The experimental work was conducted in an industrial 4-strands continuous casting machine with the billet's cross-section of 130×130 mm2 . The position, generating cause identification of these defects and proper measures have been discussed. A change in the steel compositions and the water distribution during secondary cooling was applied to improve the steel billet quality It has shown that the billet defects have greatly decreased and the quality of billet has obviously increased.

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