Asian Review

Publication Date



Southeast Asia has nurtured the great world religious traditions of Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. These religions, and many more beliefs, coexist in peace and harmony. Religions were not brought with the sword, but adopted in association with the expansion of trade. These religions empowered elite leaders to rule their states and kingdoms during the pre-colonial period. Since the coming of western imperialism, modernization became a n ew standard for transforming Southeast Asian society to fit a new global cultural paradigm. This article examines the role and importance of religions and religious movements in Southeast Asia, and ways in which religions have been transformed by political, economic, and social changes, particularly in struggles for national independence and in the process of nation-making.



First Page


Last Page


Included in

Asian Studies Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.