Asian Review

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This article compares higher education and the internationalization thereof in ASEAN, with special reference to Thailand. While the comparison of higher education in ASEAN uses secondary data, the situation of higher education in Thailand utilizes primary data obtained from in-depth interviews. The results show that higher education sectors in ASEAN member countries are extremely diverse. Most ASEAN countries are facing two major challenges though, namely to (i) increase tertiary enrolment and (ii) improve the quality of higher education, although the extent of quality concerns varies substantially within and across member countries. Fieldwork reveals large differences among different types of universities in Thailand. One of the major problems is the low employability (especially in their field of study) of graduates from certain universities in Thailand. For all types of Thai universities, English language skills are noted as one of the major weaknesses.



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