Applied Environmental Research

Publication Date



Wastewater from the Batiktextile industry contains large amounts of dyestuff together with significant amounts of suspended solids (SS), dispersing agents, salts and trace amounts of me-tals. Since this can lead to severe environmental problems, proper wastewater treatment pro-cesses are essential. The synthesis of Fe3+by sol-gel method doped on a ceramic foam for reac-tive red and disperse dyes removal from synthetic dye wastewater. Inthis research, the effect of color concentration, amount of catalyst and volumetric flow rates for industrial scale were studied.The Fe3+catalyst was prepared by sol-gel method in which 3M of FeCl3was used as a pre-cursor. The synthesized catalyst was characterized by the EDX spectrum from an X-ray spectro-meter. The surface morphology of the catalyst was investigated using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). To determine optimum operating conditions for catalytic testing, variations of disperse and reactive red concentrations (10 to 200 mg L-1) were used. The results indicated that the highest color removal efficiency (up to 96%) was observed when using Fe3+catalyst; 4 piecesper literof solution, and initial pH of 6.0. These conditions were then scaled up for a continuous packed bed column study. It was found that the optimal operating conditions obtained from the mathematical model for reactive red wastewater were: concentration of reactive red in the syn-thetic wastewater20 to 80 mg L-1; amounts of catalyst 432.5 to 1,730 mg and volumetric flow rates of wastewater20 to 200 mL min-1. Up to 84.85% of color removal efficiency was achieved.

First Page


Last Page




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.