Applied Environmental Research

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Global climate change is considered one of the most critical socio-ecological challenges of the 21st century. In recent years extreme weather events have increased significantly in Thailand asin other parts of the world. In most cases, climatic variability has always been associated with its implications for agriculture. To date, however, there has been inconclusive understanding of farmers' capacity to detect climate change and its potential impact. This study therefore explores how Thai farmers perceive global climate change and, further, to examine the influence of psy-chological factors on these perceptions. The study used mixed research methods, with both quali-tative and quantitative approaches. Questionnaires were distributed to 70 randomly-selected agri-cultural households in Village 4 of the Nongbuasala sub-district, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand. The survey results indicated that the majority of respondents view climate change in terms of extreme high temperatures and flooding. Regression analysis also revealed positive correlations between perceptions of climate change and six psychological variables of awareness in general andmitigation, belief in the reality of climate change and human causes, feelings of worry, and self-efficacy (0.201 = r= .592; p = 0.05). Conversely, in terms of perceived barriers, three compo-nents of cognitive dissonance (r= -0.831), belief in limitation of lifestyle changes (r= -0.305) and fear (r= -0.283) were found to be negatively correlated with climate change perceptions by Thai farmers. Recommendations to deal with those perceived barriers are also discussed.

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