The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine


Early pregnancy diagnosis following insemination is an important component of the reproductive management program to shorten the calving interval in water buffaloes. A recent method to detect pregnancy in dairy animals is through pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) that are present during implantation and throughout the gestation period. In this study, milk PAG Enzyme-Link Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) technique was used and run in parallel with blood PAG ELISA for its efficiency in detecting early pregnancy in lactating buffaloes. Fixed Time Artificial Insemination (FTAI) was conducted in lactating buffaloes followed by the collection of milk and blood samples postFTAI. Samples were then assayed using commercial PAG ELISA test kits (IDEXX, USA). Trans-rectal ultrasonography was conducted to confirm pregnancy. Of the 22 inseminated lactating buffaloes, 12 (54 %) were considered pregnant based on PAG concentration in milk on day 26 and similarly in blood on day 25 post-FTAI. These twelve animals were all confirmed pregnant by ultrasonography on day 40 post-FTAI. In addition, variation in PAG expressions in milk samples was observed among animals until at least day 60 of gestation. Essentially, milk PAG ELISA is an accurate and non-invasive approach to detect early pregnancy in lactating buffaloes which can help reduce the calving interval and improve reproduction in water buffaloes.

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