The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine


Clinical caseouslymphadenitis was observed in 60 of 1,186 goats. A total of 34 small holder goat farms were investigated in 11 provinces in the northeastern part of Thailand. Approximately66.67%of clinical caseous lymphadenitis goats were infected with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis,as confirmed by an ELISA test or bacterial culture. The average prevalence of clinical caseous lymphadenitisin herds was 6.36+4.30%(4.86–7.86; 95%CI). The abscessation of a superficial lymph node was commonly found in proximal (46.67%), middle (38.33%), and distal (15%)parts of the body. The location of the lesion was significantly associated (p<0.05)with positivity either from ELISA or bacterial culture, as goats with lesionsinthe distal part of the body showed a higher positivity (90%)than at theproximal (75%)and middle parts(45%)(p=0.02), respectively. No significant difference was observed for goat gender, age, or breed in terms of infection prevalence or displays of clinical signs of caseous lymphadenitis(p>0.05). Controland prevention measures should incorporate client education on a number of factors, including disease transmission to humans, clinical signs, impact on animal health and production loss and treatment.

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