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The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Abstract

Clinical caseouslymphadenitis was observed in 60 of 1,186 goats. A total of 34 small holder goat farms were investigated in 11 provinces in the northeastern part of Thailand. Approximately66.67%of clinical caseous lymphadenitis goats were infected with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis,as confirmed by an ELISA test or bacterial culture. The average prevalence of clinical caseous lymphadenitisin herds was 6.36+4.30%(4.86–7.86; 95%CI). The abscessation of a superficial lymph node was commonly found in proximal (46.67%), middle (38.33%), and distal (15%)parts of the body. The location of the lesion was significantly associated (p<0.05)with positivity either from ELISA or bacterial culture, as goats with lesionsinthe distal part of the body showed a higher positivity (90%)than at theproximal (75%)and middle parts(45%)(p=0.02), respectively. No significant difference was observed for goat gender, age, or breed in terms of infection prevalence or displays of clinical signs of caseous lymphadenitis(p>0.05). Controland prevention measures should incorporate client education on a number of factors, including disease transmission to humans, clinical signs, impact on animal health and production loss and treatment.

Publisher

Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University

First Page

343

Last Page

351

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