The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine
Chemical Immobilization of Bornean Leopard Cats (Prionailurus bengalensis borneoensis) with Tiletamine and Zolazepam under Field Conditions in Borneo
Nine wild Bornean leopard cats were anesthetized using a combination of tiletamine and zolazepam (Zoletil©) after being captured in humanely-designed live traps in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo, for the purpose of fitting radio-collars. For five leopard cats (group 1) a single dose of 6.92±1.06 mg/kg of Zoletil© was administered. The mean induction time from the initial Zoletil© dose was 7.9 ± 1.77 minutes, and the mean anesthesia time was 47.2 ± 25.1. For 4 leopard cats (group 2) after an initial mean dose of 6.92±1.06 mg/kg of Zoletil©, it was necessary to administer a second dose (or booster) of Zoletil© (mean dose 2.6±0.33 mg/kg) or ketamine (mean dose 3.5± 0.05mg / kg) to achieve complete immobilization. There were differences between the periods of anesthesia resulting from these boosters, which were 43.5 ± 2.1 minutes for ketamine and 89.5 ± 6.36 minutes for Zoletil©. We conclude that an initial dose of Zoletil© of 6.92 mg/kg can produce an adequate plane of anaesthesia without needing additional or booster injections of anaesthetic; if a booster is required, the use of ketamine in preference to Zoletil© has the benefit of shorter release times (245 minutes for ketamine booster compared to 350 minutes for Zoletil© booster) whilst providing adequate anesthetic times (mean 43.5 minutes for ketamine booster).
Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University
Fernando, Nájera; Rafael, Cediel-Algovia; Andrew, Hearn; Jo, Ross; Rosalie, Dench; Paloma, Alcázar; Senthivel, Nathan; Gaspar, Iñaki de; and Luis, Revuelta
"Chemical Immobilization of Bornean Leopard Cats (Prionailurus bengalensis borneoensis) with Tiletamine and Zolazepam under Field Conditions in Borneo,"
The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine: Vol. 43:
3, Article 17.
Available at: https://digital.car.chula.ac.th/tjvm/vol43/iss3/17