The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine


The aim of this study was to investigate the long term effect of dietary fiber, Ocimum canum and psylliumseed, on body weight and lipid level in blood of high cholesterol-diet fed rats. A total of 36 rats were divided into 3groups. There were 6-male and 6-female rats in each group. The control group (CTR) received the standard dietadded with 2.5% cholesterol of dry feed (HCD). The Occimum canum (Trt-OC) and the psyllium seed group (Trt-PS)received the HCD added with Occimum canum and psyllium seed at the amount of 10% of the dry feed, respectively.Daily feed intake was recorded. Body weight was measured and blood was collected on the starting date and on the4th, 8th, 16th, and 24th weeks. Complete blood count and blood chemistry were analyzed. Analyses of variance wereperformed using the PROC GLM in SAS software for body weight (BW), cholesterol, and triglyceride (TG). There wasa significant effect of the diet on BW (p<0.001) and cholesterol (p<0.01). The BW and cholesterol in the TRT-PS groupwas lowest (p<0.05). There was a significant effect of time on BW, cholesterol, and TG (p<0.001). A significant increasein BW was observed in both sexes in all groups (p<0.05). The cholesterol and TG of the male rat, in the CTR group,significantly increased from the starting date to the 24th weeks (p<0.05). These results suggest that mixing of dietaryfiber (i.e. Ocimum canum seeds and psyllium seeds) might be beneficial to control of the cholesterol level in high fatdiet.

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