The Thai Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences


Vitex glabrata (VG) or Khai-noa fruit extracts were prepared from three methods; squeezing extract (SE), maceration extract (ME), and ethanol extraction (EE) to evaluate their effects in vitro. By the (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) scavenging assay, all extracts revealed very weak antioxidant. Results of (3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, a tetrazole) assay showed the increase in cell viability of SE at 100 and 500 μg/ml on TK6 cells after 24 and 48 h treatments (P < 0.01) without affecting Caco-2 cells. Conversely, a dose- and time-dependent cytotoxicity of all extracts revealed at 1000-2000 μg/ml on both cells (P < 0.01). SE showed cytotoxicity on PC-3 cells and anticancer activity when confirmed by clonogenic assay in a dose-dependent manner. SE also showed cytotoxicity on HT-29 cells after 24 h treatment but the cells could recurrent in the clonogenic assay. No effect was observed on MCF-7 cells after SE alone, SE co-treated with MMC treatment, and in the clonogenic assay. Moreover, HT-29 cells revealed a dose-dependent decrease in viability when treated with SE co-treated with MMC by 24 h. Hence, SE can selectively promote cell viability on TK6 and anticancer activity on PC-3. These results suggest that the different potential of SE depends on different cell lines.


Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chulalongkorn University

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