NAKHARA (Journal of Environmental Design and Planning)

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This study aims to define the logic of the multi-use of public open spaces in Chiang MaiCity by taking into account people, time and activity diversity. The study hypothesizesthat the multi-use of public open spaces is influenced by three significant factors, namelyspecific characteristics of space, urban morphological structure, and users.The research methodology consists of surveying forty-two public open spaces in Chiang MaiCity. The resulting data are then used to conduct matrix analyses and the analysis of urbanmorphological structure using overlay mapping and figure-ground techniques. The studyareas are grouped according to district, function, setting, and management. Subsequentlythree public open spaces, namely Ratchadamnoen Walking Street, Warorot Market Street, andthe footpath behind Chiang Mai University are chosen for detailed study of users throughquestionnaire. The result of the study supports the hypothesis. It reveals that the three factors - specific characteristics of space, urban morphological structure and users - accounted for themulti-use of public open spaces at three different levels. The first level concerns basic factors,the second level concerns supporting factors and the third level concerns attraction factors. Italso reveals that the effective multi-use of public open spaces depends on the appropriatecombination of these factors.

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