NAKHARA (Journal of Environmental Design and Planning)

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This study explores the effects of growth on the urban morphology and the land use pattern of a historic town Mymensingh, by analyzing the morphological transformation through Space Syntax along with the changes of land-use pattern. Mymensingh is one of the oldest and historic towns of Bangladesh that lies along the river Brahmaputra. This town was developed as an urban conglomeration during the period of the British colonists more than two hundred years ago. Through the juxtaposition of different establishments by the British colonists, local land-lords and local inhabitants at different time periods, a unique type of morphological pattern was created. Local establishments were developed within the organized colonial grids. Through the ages, the town has expanded due to the natural process of growth and change; the small colonial town has become a larger one. According to Space Syntax, urban street configuration is considered as the most dominant factor for spontaneous development of different land-uses - where business and commercial uses naturally develops along the most integrated part of an urban grid. So, there exist a close correlation between urban morphology and land-use patterns. In the study, the effects of growth patterns of the town are analyzed through morphological analysis of Space Syntax at different time periods along with the corresponding land-use patterns. The study result shows that, though the town has expanded over time, still now the core part of the historic town acts as the morphological and functional centre as well. The planning process of such towns should be unique and sensitive considering the inherent morphology and land-use pattern for the sustainable growth of the town in future rather following the usual planning process

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