NAKHARA (Journal of Environmental Design and Planning)

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Chittagong is the largest port city and second largest city of Bangladesh and contributes substantially to the economic development of Bangladesh. Chittagong is quite an attractive location. Surrounded by the rivers, hills and the sea, Chittagong possess the opportunity to uphold its image as a fascinating, multiple tourism destination where visitors can enjoy both the sea and hills. Chittagong has boundless opportunities for thousands of people living in the hilly areas. But unfortunately the hillsides are highly vulnerable to frequent and damaging landslides. Recent major landslides were caused by an extreme, higher than average, rainfall within a short period of time. Moreover rapid urbanization, increased population density, improper land use, alterations in the hilly regions by illegally cutting the hills, indiscriminate deforestation and agricultural practices are aggravating the land and contributing to landslides. The aim of this study is to assess the area's potential for landslides and explores different strategic designs measures based on assessment of risks, uncertainty, possible consequences, constructability, environmental impacts and costs. While proposing specific measures to take to prevent landslides, it is best to match the physical characteristics of the hills and the availability of materials. This study makes an effort to contribute to the development of a comprehensive design solution that can be adapted to reduce landslides and to ensure the residents' immediate safety and at the same time promote tourism development.

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