NAKHARA (Journal of Environmental Design and Planning)

Publication Date



Waterbodies are the most important landscape elements in the history of settlement formation. Since the 15th century, rivers have played a critical role in distributing logistics and have served as signifi cant infrastructure. In relation to the revitalization of heritage structures in Cirebon, the role of the river, symbolizing the source of life and fertility, has been revisited and has raised the notion of ecological concerns. The reconstruction of Lawang Sanga at the River Kasunean has unveiled the challenge of maintaining cultural landscape elements in regards to resilient landscapes. This paper argues the relation between revitalization efforts and the expanding role of the river.

First Page


Last Page




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.