Manusya, Journal of Humanities

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The purpose of this paper is to compare ideas of metaphysics and ethics written in the Bhagavadgita text of Hinduism, and the Suttanta Pitaka, text of Buddhism. After examination, it is found that the Bhagavadgita recognizes the idea of God (brahman) and Self (atman) which are mainly metaphysical concepts, whereas the Suttanta Pitaka rejects these ideas. Both texts agree ignorance and desire are causes of deluded actions which are responsible for the continued chain of existence and that all begins are born again repeatedly in different spheres of life driven by their intentional actions. To stop rebirth and to attain the highest goal of life (salvation), one should eliminate desire, hatred and delusion. However, the karma-forces of the Bhagavadgita seem to be different from that of the Suttana Pitaka, because they are under the control of God. With regard to the idea of ethics, some practical paths written in both texts are really the same, but the standard of moral judgement in the Bhagavadgita differs from the Suttanta Pitaka due to the belief in God.

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