Background: There are limited studies examining the effectiveness of Mindful Sport Performance Enhancement (MSPE) on dispositional flow enhancement in the recreational population. This is the first empirical evaluation of an online 4-week MSPE designed to enhance dispositional flow in Chinese recreational runners.
Method: In this mixed-method study, a convergent design approach was adopted to examine the acceptability and effectiveness of the 4-week online MSPE in Chinese recreational runners (N = 41). The quantitative strand was designed with a single-group pre-test and post-test model in which the dispositional flow was assessed at 2-time points (i.e., pre and post) using the Chinese Dispositional Flow Scale–2 (DFS-2). After finishing the 4-week online sessions, semi-structured interviews (N = 15) were conducted, and a reflexive thematic analysis (reflexive TA) was utilized to analyze qualitative data.
Results: Chinese recreational runners’ dispositional flow significantly increased after four weeks online training compared to the baseline (d = 0.53, 95% CI for d= (0.30, 0.75)). This finding was substantiated by the positive experiences shared by participants highlighting the acceptability and effectiveness of the online mindfulness training.
Conclusion: This study evaluated a 4-week online MSPE on dispositional flow enhancement in Chinese recreational runners. The quantitative and qualitative findings provided evidence for its acceptability and effectiveness in the Chinese context.
Yang L, Menon R.
Online Dispositional Flow Enhancement Training for Chinese Recreational Runners: A Single-Group Mixed-method Evaluation.
J Health Res.