Journal of Demography


Thailand's fertility rate has been declining from 5.6 children per women in 1970 to 1.5 children per women in 2016. With such a decline in the nation' fertility, Thailand will become an aged society in less than a decade. The aim is to understand the factors influencing people's fertility intentions which will lead to an improved formation of the country's official fertility policy. Theaim is toinvestigate the relationships between institutional factors and fertility intentions within the group of middle-income earning women from Generation Y who plan to have a child or children. The theory of institution was adopted for the investigation. A total of 404 samplesfrom the Bangkok and metropolitan wereselected from a group of middle-income earning women from generation Y. Questionnaire surveys were carried out using face-to-face interviews. The study shows that family support and household income have positive effects on women's fertility intentions while marriage age and urbanization have negative effects on women's fertility intentions. It is recommended that the government should encourage couples to get married at an earlier age. Also, jobs should be created in suburban areas to reduce chances of migration which will also increase the level of family support and finally result in higher fertility intentions.



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