Journal of Social Sciences

Publication Date



Indonesia is one of the largest sending countries of migrant workers in the Southeast Asia Region. There are approximately 4.3 million documented and 1.7 million undocumented Indonesian migrant workers living abroad (U.S. Department of State, 2012). Unfortunately, significant numbers of them migrated unsafely thus vulnerable to be trafficked in the destination countries. The Government of Indonesia and civil society organizations have been working together to promote safe migration and address human trafficking. This paper is trying to (1) examine civil society group involvement in promoting safe migration, (2) investigate credit union roles in promoting safe migration through economic security, and (3) examine whether credit unions, in providing a better economic security, have promoted safe migration and prevented potential trafficked person from being trafficked. This paper draws on fieldwork conducted on June-July 2013 in Bone District of South Sulawesi Province Indonesia as one of the sending areas in the country. The paper argues that economic security, marital status, age and gender are the four important factors that influenced the decision of returned migrants to or not to migrate in the future. Moreover, strong economic security that possessed by returned migrants does not automatically guarantee them to migrate safely in the future. The paper concludes that Credit Union (CU) Pammase in Bone District currently has not been able yet to strengthen economic security of its members. In addition, it can only increase a little bit understanding of the members on how to migrate safely. As a result, the members are still vulnerable to be trafficked in the future. Self-financing problems as well as management challenges are two factors, among others, that prevent the credit union from achieving its mission. In order to better strengthen economic security and promote safe migration among its members, credit unions must be managed professionally and its staffs' capacity strengthened.

First Page


Last Page




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.