Journal of Social Sciences

Publication Date



Though international relations (IR) as a field of study intends to construct knowledge of cooperation and conflicts between states, it is undeniable that, in current world politics, there are non-state actors that comprise world citizens who have gathered to voice and protect public interests, as well as to make changes in public policies, in the name of "social movements." That is because state and foreign policies are explicit decisions and commitments portrayed by authorized representatives of the states. Apart from domestic social movements, there are also transnational social movements, such as Amnesty International and Human Right Watch, along with terrorism organizations that could also be recognized as transnational social movements that are highly active in the world politics. This paper aims to provide an understanding in transnational social movements as one of nonstate actors and their ability to manipulate states' foreign policies. The paper's literature review covers both electronic and printed documents on social movement theories; foreign policy process and empirical data. Finally, it concludes that transnational social movements are not only crucial non-state actors that should be studied in order to understand the world politics, but also provide space for people to participate in the politics more effectively.

First Page


Last Page




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.