Journal of Social Sciences

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The purpose of this article is to find the factors contributing to the concept of decriminalization of drug cases. This study is a qualitative research based on documentary study and in-depth interviews of 10 stakeholders who are involved in policy-making process. It was found that the key factors that encourage the decriminalization of drug cases are the drug problems intensified in all areas of the country. Such problems make all sectors of the society to recognize the necessity of decisive measures to solve the problems, causing case backlogs and overcrowding issues later. As a result, to solve those problems relevant agencies need to seek other measures combined with the experiences from foreign countries which have developed the decriminalization of drug cases as a policy to suppress drug problems. The serious drug problems and experiences from foreign countries are the major influences in defining policy agenda in Thailand. As for the policy formulation, knowledge associated with decriminalization of drug cases has been developed to be implemented effectively. In addition, the policy actor, the political leader with a strong leadership, is able to decide his own policy. All relevant agencies also have the same understanding in decriminalization of drug case policy. As a result, there is no conflict between the agencies and all agencies realizing the benefits of the policy.

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