Chulalongkorn University Dental Journal

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Objective To assess the opinions of full-time faculty staffs in clinical departments and dental practitioners on competencies standard in Dentistry for new dental graduates of Chulalongkorn University Material and methods This survey is a cross-sectional descriptive study. The subjects were all 101 full-time faculty staffs in 10 clinical departments of Faculty of Dentistry, Chulalongkorn University and 276 random sample of dental practitioners currently practiced both in governmental and/or in private sectors in Thailand. Competency statements of clinical competencies from competency standards of 3 dental schools in the United States of America were adapted, translated and used to construct a questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of 15 major competencies that included 115 statements. For each statement, a response was requested on a Likert-like 5 point scale and open-ended opinions. The validity of the questionnaire was reviewed by eight experts in dentistry. The reliability of the scale was evaluated using its internal consistency as an indicator. The cronbach coefficient was 0.9745. The measurement was performed once in each group. The obtained data were analyzed using descriptive statistics Results The response rates of dental faculty staffs and dental practitioners were 85% (86/101) and 53.3% (150/276) respectively. The mean + SD for 115 competency items ranged from 2.61 + 1.09 to 5.0 + 0.00 for faculty staffs and 2.61 + 1.10 to 4.93 + 0.32 for dental practitioners. The competency items rated as mostly agreed : agreed : moderately agreed were 47(40.87%):57(49.57%):11(9.56%) by faculty staffs and 47(40.87%):63(54.78%):5(4.35%) by general practitioners. There were relative agreement between both groups except for 3 major competencies : occlusal therapy, orthodontic therapy and community involvement. Open ended opinions revealed various perspectives towards the statements. Additional standard competencies not being in the questionnaire and recommendation for curriculum improvement were also stated. The results and opinions were instrumental for the curriculum reform of the Faculty of Dentistry of Chulalongkorn University. Conclusion This study surveyed the opinions of faculty staffs and dental practitioners towards the proposed clinical competencies for new dental graduates. From this survey, statements that were rated highly by both faculty staffs and general practitioners could serve as the basis for a core set of statements to describe the abilities of undergraduates. Statements that received less agreement needed to be further studied whether they are suitable to be used. Competencies statements in other domains that were not included in this study should be established and discuss to find consensus.



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