Chulalongkorn Medical Journal


Background: Hospitals are one of the workplaces where violence occurs frequently. Subdistrict health promotinghospital is the first checkpoint of health services and the closest contact point to local population, but there is noinformation about workplace in this field.Objective: This study aimed to evaluate prevalence and related factors of workplace violence among healthcareworkers.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in subdistrict health promoting hospital in 10th regionalhealth of Thailand, during May to June 2019. A total of 395 samples were assessed by a self-administeredquestionnaire adapted from the survey questionnaire about workplace violence in health sector jointly proposedby the International Labour Office (ILO), World Health Organization (WHO), International Council of Nurses (ICN)and Public Services International (PSI). The prevalence of workplace violence were presented in term of percentagewhile the results of its related factors were presented by odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI).Results: The prevalence of workplace violence was 32.2%. Among this, verbal violence was the most common(92.9%), followed by sexual violence (11.1%) and physical violence (6.3%) respectively. Concerning factors relatedto workplace violence, widows/ divorced/separated marital status was related to lower frequency of the eventwhen compared to those with single status [OR = 0.35 (95% CI = 0.13 - 0.94)]. In contrary, Bachelor’s degree ofeducation level was associated with higher frequency of the event when compared to those with lower level ofeducation [OR = 1.98 (95% CI = 1.02 -3.84)].Conclusion: The prevalence of workplace violence among healthcare workers in subdistrict health promotinghospitals is common. Therefore, relevant measures should be implemented to ameliorate this problem and improvework morale of the local healthcare workforce.


Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University

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