Chulalongkorn Medical Journal


Background: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)is crucial for rescuing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest(OHCA) victims. Therefore, basic life support (BLS) training is necessary to effectively save lives of OHCApatients. In rural Thailand, village health volunteers are usually the first responders to perform CPR and activateemergency medical service system on the patients. Unfortunately, BLS knowledge and performance after trainingprogram as well as the retention of those elements over time has not been studied in this population.Objective: The primary objective of this quasi-experimental research was to investigate the effects of BLS trainingprogram on knowledge, perceived self-efficacy and BLS performance in village health volunteers.Methods: Data were collected from 30 subjects using the BLS knowledge, perceived BLS self-efficacy questionnairesand BLS performance evaluation form before training, immediately after training and three months after training.The mean scores of the components were compared among various periods of assessment.Results: Mean BLS knowledge and perceived BLS self-efficacy scores significantly increased immediately aftertraining, compared with those of pre-training period but declined at 3 months after training. BLS performancescores at 3 months post-training period was significantly higher than that of the immediate post-training period.Conclusions: BLS knowledge and perceived BLS self-efficacy was enhanced after training but they faded awayover time. However, BLS performance was still boosted during 3 months after training.



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